Greek and Latin form of Judah, and in the Maccabean era an independent state (1 Macc. 5:45); it sometimes refers to the whole of Palestine, e.g. the territory of Herod the Great (37–4 BCE). In NT times, Herod's son Archelaus ruled as tetrarch over Judaea (4 BCE–6 CE), which did not include Galilee and Perea; but after Archelaus Judaea formed part of the Roman province of Syria, ruled by a Roman prefect or procurator residing in Antioch. Sometimes the NT uses ‘Judaea’ in the broader political sense (e.g. Matt. 19:1) to include Perea, east of the Jordan, bordering on Samaria, and not part of ‘Judaea’ administered by the Romans. (Perea, with Galilee and Samaria, was ruled by Herod Antipas.)

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • JUDAEA — quae et Chananaea, et Promissionis terra, Syriae regio notissima: de cuius situ post Sacras literas Iosephus inprimis, post quem Strabo, l. 16. p. 749. et 756. Dion Gafl. l. 36. et Tac. Hist. l. 5. c. 6. ubi de Iudaea, cuius haec sunt verba:… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Judaea — Judaean, adj., n. /jooh dee euh/, n. Judea. * * * or Judea Southern division of ancient Palestine successively under Persian, Greek, and Roman rule. It was bounded on the north by Samaria and on the west by the Mediterranan Sea. It succeeded the… …   Universalium

  • Judaea — Judäa (lateinisch Iudaea, von hebräisch יהודה) ist die geografische Bezeichnung eines Gebietes in der Levante. Jüdische Schriftstellen unterscheiden zwischen einem Judäa diesseits des Jordans mit Jerusalem als Zentrumsstadt und einem Judäa… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Judaea — or Judea geographical name region of ancient Palestine constituting the S division (Judah) of the country under Persian, Greek, & Roman rule; bounded on N by Samaria, on E by Jordan River & Dead Sea, on SW by Sinai Peninsula, & on W by the… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Judaea — n. region of ancient Palestine that comprises the present day southern Israel …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Judaea — Ju•dae•a [[t]dʒuˈdi ə[/t]] n. geg Judea Ju•dae′an, adj. n …   From formal English to slang

  • Judaea — /dʒuˈdiə/ (say jooh deeuh) noun → Judea. –Judaean, adjective, noun …   Australian English dictionary

  • Judaea — noun the southern part of ancient Palestine succeeding the kingdom of Judah; a Roman province at the time of Christ • Syn: ↑Judea • Instance Hypernyms: ↑geographical area, ↑geographic area, ↑geographical region, ↑geographic region • …   Useful english dictionary

  • Judaea Capta coinage — Judaea Capta coins were a series of commemorative coins originally issued by the Roman Emperor Vespasian to celebrate the capture of Judaea and the destruction of the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem by his son Titus in 70 AD during the First Jewish… …   Wikipedia

  • Judaea (Roman province) — Judaea or Iudaea Province of the Roman Empire …   Wikipedia

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